A kidney transplant is a surgical procedure to place a healthy kidney from a living or deceased donor into a person whose kidneys no longer function properly.
The kidneys are two bean-shaped organs located on each side of the spine just below the rib cage. Each is about the size of a fist. Their main function is to filter and remove waste, minerals and fluid from the blood by producing urine.
which can raise your blood pressure and result in kidney failure (end-stage kidney disease). End-stage renal disease occurs when the kidneys have lost about 90% of their ability to function normally.
Common causes of end-stage kidney disease include:
- Chronic, uncontrolled high blood pressure
- Chronic glomerulonephritis — an inflammation and eventual scarring of the tiny filters within your kidneys (glomeruli)
- Polycystic kidney disease
People with end-stage renal disease need to have waste removed from their bloodstream via a machine (dialysis) or a kidney transplant to stay alive.
LAPAROSCOPIC DONOR NEPHRECTOMY (Gold Standard For Treating Kidney Failure)
In a laparoscopic donor nephrectomy, tiny incisions are used and the kidney is removed using a scope or camera and special miniaturized surgical instruments. The procedure is, similar to one used to remove a gall bladder. This minimally invasive procedure has a shorter recovery period and the complication rate. In addition, the quality and function of the transplanted kidneys are excellent. Laparoscopy can be done safely in donor with multiple vessel. Donor is discharged from hospital within 24 hours.
ABO INCOMPATIBLE TRANSPLANTS
ABO-incompatible(ABOi)transplantation is a method of allocation in organ transplantation that permits more efficient use of available organs regardless of ABO blood type, be unavailable due to Hyperacute rejection.
This means that anyone may receive a transplant of a type-O organ, and consequently, type-O recipients are one of the biggest beneficiaries of ABO-incompatible transplantation.
Adequate vascular access is lifeline of patients of chronic renal failure our regular dialysis poor vascular access can make the life of patient miserable & promote mental morbidity. hyper planing ensures hassle free dialysis & thereby increased compliance.
- Brachial AVF
- PTFE Graft
- Vascular Graft (Saphenous vein)
- Permacath Insertion