WHAT IS HERNIA?
A hernia occurs when an organ pushes through an opening in the muscle or tissue that holds it in place. For example, the intestines may break through a weakened area in the abdominal wall.We can compare hernia to an old tube buldging out of a weakened area in a tyre.Hernias are most common in the abdomen.they can also appear in the upper thigh, belly button, and groin regions.
TYPES OF HERNIA :
- Inguinal hernias are the most common type of hernia. They make up about 70 percent of all hernia patients.This type of hernia is more common in men than in women. This is because a man’s testicles descend through the inguinal canal shortly after birth, and the canal is supposed to close almost completely behind them. Sometimes, the canal does not close properly, leaving a weakened spot prone to hernias.
- Hiatal hernia occurs when part of your stomach protrudes up through the diaphragm into the chest.
- Umbilical hernias occur in babies and children under six months of age if their intestines bulge through the abdominal wall near the bellybutton.
- Incisional hernias can occur after you have abdominal surgery. Your intestines may push through the incision scar or the surrounding, weakened tissue.
The most common symptom of a hernia is a bulge or lump in the affected area.
More symptoms of a hernia include:
- Swelling or bulge in the groin or scrotum (the pouch that contains the testicles).
- Increased pain at the site of the bulge.
- Pain while lifting.
- Increase in the bulge size over time.
- A dull aching sensation.
- A sense of feeling full or signs of bowel obstruction.